The key challenges for societal resilience result from external shocks, spillover, and feedback cycles. These can represent threats to existing cooperative arrangements, but may also provide opportunities to develop novel solutions for care, inclusion, and work. This can be achieved by specifying which individual and societal values need (re-)alignment; understanding the psychological mechanisms that connect individuals through their common identities, goals, and networks; and identifying which institutional provisions and arrangements are needed to address these. The analytical tools are offered by the SCOOP approach, which integrates theoretical insights and links empirical evidence from different disciplinary and methodological perspectives to develop roadmaps for effective policy strategies and solutions. The proposed research is organized in four Work Packages (WPs, see Table).

We use this approach to address twelve specific challenges. Nine of them connect the three sustainability threats to specific cooperation outcomes relevant to the provision of care (WP1), inclusion (WP2), and work (WP3). Three of them link these threats to general theoretical challenges and will be elaborated in WP4 (see Table). For each of these challenges, we define a key hypothesis that connects individual level psychological processes to the occurrence of value (in-) compatibilities and historically documented long-term effects, and examine how these differ across specific contexts. We specify relevant ideals, mechanisms, and institutions, and empirically test the validity of this integrated analysis by triangulating disciplinary approaches and methodologies, including tests of intervention effectiveness.


To find out more about the work package and challenges, click on the work package

To find out more about the research projects per work package, click on the challenge

Overview of challenges and research projects

External Shocks




University of Groningen
SCOOP - Sociology

Visiting address:
Grote Rozenstraat 31
9712 TG Groningen
The Netherlands
Postal address:
RUG - SCOOP - Sociology
Grote Kruisstraat 2/1
9712 TS Groningen
The Netherlands