Approach

The aim of this program is to address external shocks, spillover, and feedback effects that threaten a resilient society. We achieve this by examining cooperation sustainability in and between families, communities, and organizations. In recent years, we have developed an interdisciplinary framework integrating insights from psychology, sociology, history, and philosophy (the SCOOP approach). This framework specifies institutional arrangements that facilitate cooperation by considering complex interactive dynamics and their societal effects from a long-term (historical) perspective. It also provides an understanding of the tension versus compatibility between underlying goals and values, which can erode or enhance cooperation over time. This approach addresses these dynamics from an integrated theoretical perspective. It also connects different datasets and methodologies that shed light on cooperation sustainability as a central outcome variable. The unique features of the SCOOP approach are indispensable in achieving our overarching goals of developing roadmaps for a resilient society and creating criteria for interventions that effect lasting change.

SCOOP’s central dependent variable – sustainable cooperation within and between families, organizations, and communities – is located at the group level, but the dynamics affecting it cannot be restricted to one level of analysis. Cooperation is affected by actions and behavioral patterns at the individual level, by changes at the societal level, and by the ideals and values that govern each domain. To adequately analyze and assess the patterns of cooperation on all these levels of analysis, SCOOP is designed as a thoroughly interdisciplinary endeavor, combining expertise from psychology and sociology, history, and philosophy. As a result, SCOOP forms a comprehensive and integrated framework encompassing different levels of analysis and comprising a variety of methods to describe, explain and analyze the relevant variables. Throughout the SCOOP-program, we apply the framework to study the interplay between behavioral mechanisms, institutions, and ideals and values.

Three Kinds of Sustainability Threats

Three Kinds of Sustainability Threats

Interdisciplinarity

The interdisciplinary approach consists of the integrated use of a number of methods and tools from the social sciences and humanities. SCOOP research will employ methodologies from Experimental Social Psychology, Analytical Sociology, Historical-Institutional Analysis, and Analytic Philosophy.

In the application of the interdisciplinary approach, the emphasis will fall on the way behavioral mechanisms, institutions, and ideals and values contribute to or sustain different forms of cooperation in society. First, behavioral mechanisms are (intra-, inter-personal and intergroup)psychological processes affecting the motives, cognitions, and actions of individuals. The key question that we address with respect to these mechanisms is under what conditions are individuals willing to forgo personal benefits in order to contribute to the realization of collective benefits? Second, the institutions of cooperation form the complexand constantly changing combinations of formal and informal rules, procedures, and conventions that regulate social life. SCOOP examines, in particular, the conditions under which institutions enhance or hinder sustainable cooperation within and between societal domains. The third focal point is the identification of the ideals of cooperation as reflected in the individual and social benefits that may arise from cooperation as well as the beliefs thatindividuals, organizations, and communities have regarding those ideals.

Cooperation is sustainable when it realizes values and ideals, thus any account of sustainability must include a normative analysis of these. A major threat to sustainable cooperation emerges when its internal benefits come at the expense of its social value. Furthermore, tensions between social values (e.g., diversity and consensus,security and freedom, economic welfare, and personalwell-being) challenge sustainability. In a study of sustainable cooperation, therefore, a systematic examination of how values may support or conflict with each other is of central importance.

 

Related Articles

SCOOP Board

Prof. dr. R. P. M. (Rafael) Wittek, Coordinating researcher

Prof. dr. R. P. M. (Rafael) Wittek, Coordinating researcher

Prof. dr. B. J. P. (Bas) van Bavel

Prof. dr. B. J. P. (Bas) van Bavel

Prof. dr. N. (Naomi) Ellemers

Prof. dr. N. (Naomi) Ellemers

Prof. dr. M. (Martin) van Hees

Prof. dr. M. (Martin) van Hees

Prof. dr. ir. T. (Tanja) van der Lippe

Prof. dr. ir. T. (Tanja) van der Lippe

Prof. dr. R. (Russell) Spears

Prof. dr. R. (Russell) Spears

PhD candidates

Ilya Lavrov

Ilya Lavrov

Bleen Abraham

Bleen Abraham

Mortada al Amine

Mortada al Amine

Silke Baas

Silke Baas

Laima Baldina

Laima Baldina

Damion Bunders

Damion Bunders

Fabian Corver

Fabian Corver

Daniel Cowen

Daniel Cowen

Lavinia Damaschin

Lavinia Damaschin

Omer Ergun

Omer Ergun

Michael Eigner

Michael Eigner

Piet Groot

Piet Groot

Claudia Hacke

Claudia Hacke

Ewout Hasken

Ewout Hasken

Eline Heikamp

Eline Heikamp

Gabriel Heinrichs

Gabriel Heinrichs

Paula Hoffmann

Paula Hoffmann

Gita Huijgen

Gita Huijgen

Aliona Ignatieva

Aliona Ignatieva

Yowali Kabamba

Yowali Kabamba

Johanna Kruger

Johanna Kruger

Boris Kuiper

Boris Kuiper

Anne Kuschel

Anne Kuschel

Hannah Lee

Hannah Lee

Tiya Lei

Tiya Lei

Carlos A. de Matos Fernandes

Carlos A. de Matos Fernandes

Maikel Meijeren

Maikel Meijeren

Giorgos Michelakis

Giorgos Michelakis

Kshitij Mor

Kshitij Mor

Kasper Otten

Kasper Otten

Mazlum Özkan

Mazlum Özkan

Joyce Pang

Joyce Pang

Klara Raiber

Klara Raiber

Marlou Ramaekers

Marlou Ramaekers

Thijs Ringelberg

Thijs Ringelberg

Julian Rengers

Julian Rengers

Larisa Riedijk

Larisa Riedijk

Aaron Roberts

Aaron Roberts

Christopher van Rugge

Christopher van Rugge

Sayoni Santara

Sayoni Santara

Alisha Scheuer

Alisha Scheuer

Philipp Schneider

Philipp Schneider

Hendrik Siebe

Hendrik Siebe

Sanjana Singh

Sanjana Singh

Helena Slanickova

Helena Slanickova

Jonas Stein

Jonas Stein

Anders Stefanovska

Anders Stefanovska

Thomas Teekens

Thomas Teekens

Esmee Veenstra

Esmee Veenstra

Chris Vlam

Chris Vlam

Francisca Wals

Francisca Wals

Janine Weeting

Janine Weeting

Maike Weiper

Maike Weiper

Vera Weissenbacher

Vera Weissenbacher

Sofie Wiersma

Sofie Wiersma

Roos Winter

Roos Winter

Kevin Wittenberg

Kevin Wittenberg

Nick Wuestenenk

Nick Wuestenenk

Lidia Yatluk

Lidia Yatluk

Chenhao Zhou

Chenhao Zhou

Members

Prof. dr. A. (Agnes) Akkerman

Prof. dr. A. (Agnes) Akkerman

Prof. dr. mr. M. (Mark) Bovens

Prof. dr. mr. M. (Mark) Bovens

Prof. dr. B. (Belle) Derks

Prof. dr. B. (Belle) Derks

Prof. dr. P.A. (Pearl) Dykstra

Prof. dr. P.A. (Pearl) Dykstra

Prof. dr. A. (Andreas) Flache

Prof. dr. A. (Andreas) Flache

Prof. dr. P. (Pauline) Kleingeld

Prof. dr. P. (Pauline) Kleingeld

Prof. dr. T. (Tine) De Moor

Prof. dr. T. (Tine) De Moor

Prof. dr. J.W. (Jan-Willem) Romeijn

Prof. dr. J.W. (Jan-Willem) Romeijn

Prof. dr. P.L.H. (Peer) Scheepers

Prof. dr. P.L.H. (Peer) Scheepers

Prof. dr. E. M. (Linda) Steg

Prof. dr. E. M. (Linda) Steg

 Prof. dr. F. (Frank) van Tubergen

Prof. dr. F. (Frank) van Tubergen

Prof. dr. J.L. (Jan Luiten) van Zanden

Prof. dr. J.L. (Jan Luiten) van Zanden

Fellows

Dr. C. A. (Corinne) Boter

Dr. C. A. (Corinne) Boter

Prof. dr. ir. V. W. (Vincent) Buskens

Prof. dr. ir. V. W. (Vincent) Buskens

Dr. C. M. F. (Chloé) de Canson

Dr. C. M. F. (Chloé) de Canson

Dr. R. (Rense) Corten

Dr. R. (Rense) Corten

Dr. J. (Jacob) Dijkstra

Dr. J. (Jacob) Dijkstra

Dr. S. (Selin) Dilli

Dr. S. (Selin) Dilli

Dr. K. R. (Katharine) Frederick

Dr. K. R. (Katharine) Frederick

Dr. F. (Francesca) Giardini

Dr. F. (Francesca) Giardini

Prof. dr. E. H. (Ernestine) Gordijn

Prof. dr. E. H. (Ernestine) Gordijn

Dr. H. J. E. (Hedy) Greijdanus

Dr. H. J. E. (Hedy) Greijdanus

Dr. N. (Nina) Hansen

Dr. N. (Nina) Hansen

Dr. L. (Leah) Henderson

Dr. L. (Leah) Henderson

Prof. dr. L. M. (Lisa) Herzog

Prof. dr. L. M. (Lisa) Herzog

Dr. L. (Liesbet) Heyse

Dr. L. (Liesbet) Heyse

Prof. dr. F. A. (Frank) Hindriks

Prof. dr. F. A. (Frank) Hindriks

Dr. E. (Eva) Jaspers

Dr. E. (Eva) Jaspers

Prof. dr. G. L. M. (Gerbert) Kraaykamp

Prof. dr. G. L. M. (Gerbert) Kraaykamp

Dr. C. E. (Charlotte) Knowles

Dr. C. E. (Charlotte) Knowles

Dr. T. (Toon) Kuppens

Dr. T. (Toon) Kuppens

Prof. dr. M. H. D. (Marco) van Leeuwen

Prof. dr. M. H. D. (Marco) van Leeuwen

Dr. Z. (Zoltán) Lippényi

Dr. Z. (Zoltán) Lippényi

Prof. dr. M. (Marcel) Lubbers

Prof. dr. M. (Marcel) Lubbers

Prof. dr. M. (Michael) Maes

Prof. dr. M. (Michael) Maes

Prof. dr. E. J. V. (Elise) van Nederveen Meerkerk

Prof. dr. E. J. V. (Elise) van Nederveen Meerkerk

Prof. dr. S. (Sabine) Otten

Prof. dr. S. (Sabine) Otten

Prof. dr. A.-R. (Anne-Rigt) Poortman

Prof. dr. A.-R. (Anne-Rigt) Poortman

Prof. dr. M. (Maarten) Prak

Prof. dr. M. (Maarten) Prak

Dr. W. (Wojtek) Przepiorka

Dr. W. (Wojtek) Przepiorka

Prof. dr. A. (Arnout) van de Rijt

Prof. dr. A. (Arnout) van de Rijt

Dr. A. T. (Andreas) Schmidt

Dr. A. T. (Andreas) Schmidt

Dr. T. H. (Tobias) Stark

Dr. T. H. (Tobias) Stark

Prof. dr. J. M. (Jojanneke) van der Toorn

Prof. dr. J. M. (Jojanneke) van der Toorn

Dr. R. (Ruth) van Veelen

Dr. R. (Ruth) van Veelen

Prof. dr. C.M.C. (Ellen) Verbakel 

Prof. dr. C.M.C. (Ellen) Verbakel 

Prof. dr. M. (Maykel) Verkuyten

Prof. dr. M. (Maykel) Verkuyten

Dr. M. (Mark) Visser

Dr. M. (Mark) Visser

Dr. G. K. (Gerarda) Westerhuis

Dr. G. K. (Gerarda) Westerhuis

Prof. dr. M. (Martijn) van Zomeren

Prof. dr. M. (Martijn) van Zomeren

Postdocs

Neda Aramipour

Neda Aramipour

Alumni

Berry van den Berg

Berry van den Berg

Catia Teixeira

Catia Teixeira

Tara Koster

Tara Koster

Melissa Vink

Melissa Vink

Susie Wang

Susie Wang

Advisory Board

Prof. Christina Bicchieri (University of Pennsylania)

Prof. Christina Bicchieri (University of Pennsylania)

Prof. Andreas Diekmann (ETH Zurich)

Prof. Andreas Diekmann (ETH Zurich)

Prof. John Dovidio (Yale)

Prof. John Dovidio (Yale)

Prof. Phyllis Moen (Minnesota)

Prof. Phyllis Moen (Minnesota)

Prof. Joel Mokyr (Northwestern)

Prof. Joel Mokyr (Northwestern)

Prof. Robert Sampson (Harvard)

Prof. Robert Sampson (Harvard)

SCOOP Office

Dr. L. (Liesbet) Heyse

Dr. L. (Liesbet) Heyse

D.M. (Daniela) Torres Alatorre, MSc

D.M. (Daniela) Torres Alatorre, MSc

A. (Anita) Van der Hoek, MA

A. (Anita) Van der Hoek, MA

SCOOP OFFICE

University of Groningen
SCOOP - Sociology

Visiting address:
Grote Rozenstraat 31
9712 TG Groningen
The Netherlands
Postal address:
RUG - SCOOP - Sociology
Grote Kruisstraat 2/1
9712 TS Groningen
The Netherlands



Image